Wollemi Pine | FAQs
Wollemi Pine | FAQs
Wollemi Pine | FAQs
It seems in general that the trees need to have -12 to -15 degrees centigrade for fairly long periods to actually kill them (as seen in central Europe in the winter of 2010/11). There have been a handful of reports of trees not surviving this last winter in the UK but on investigation this has been in the main due to the trees already suffering from a fungal root disease called Phytophthora which is a wide spread and very common disease with the ability to affect many garden plants. A simple investigation should give some clues to the demise of your tree. Make a small 'nick' in the bark at the base of the tree and if there are signs of healthy white wood and greening on the inside layer of the bark it could be that the roots are still alive. If there is no sign of life then lift the tree and look at the roots they will be dark brown and there is unlikely to be any white or light brown 'healthy' root. If you hold a root hair in between your fingers and you can slide the outer layer of the root away from the inner core it is a sure sign that the tree has succumbed to Phytophthora.
The Wollemi Pine is one of the world's oldest and rarest tree species belonging to a 200 million-year-old plant family. It was known from fossil records and presumed extinct until it was discovered in 1994 by a bushwalker in the Wollemi National Park just outside Australia's largest city, Sydney. Dubbed the botanical find of the century, the Wollemi Pine is now the focus of extensive research to conserve this ancient species. Soon you will be able to grow your own Wollemi Pine and be part of one of the most dramatic comebacks in natural history.
The Wollemi Pine is a majestic conifer that grows up to 40 metres high in the wild with a trunk diameter of over one metre. It has unusual pendulous foliage with light apple green new tips in spring and early summer contrasting against the older dark green foliage. Another unique feature is its pattern of branching with the mature foliage having two ranks of leaves along the branches. Its bark is also distinct even from related species, looking very much like bubbling chocolate. The Wollemi Pine's closest living relatives are the Norfolk Island Pine, Bunya Pine, Hoop Pine, Monkey Puzzle Pine and Kauri Pine.
The Wollemi Pine is named after the Wollemi National Park, the location where the Pines were first discovered in Sydney's now World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains. Wollemi is an Aboriginal word meaning "look around you, keep your eyes open and watch out". The scientific name Wollemia nobilis is a reflection of the Pine's majestic qualities and honours David Noble who found the first trees in 1994.
The Wollemi Pine was discovered as a small grove of seedlings and mature trees only 200 kilometres west of Sydney (Australia) in the Wollemi National Park. Since then, two other small groves have been discovered. The Pines are growing on moist ledges in a deep rainforest gorge surrounded by rugged mountains and undisturbed forest. The exact location of the Pines is a closely kept secret because of the pristine and fragile nature of the wild habitat. Only select researchers are permitted to visit the area on rare occasions.
The Wollemi Pine was discovered in August 1994 by David Noble, a NSW National Parks and Wildlife Services Officer who, when trekking and abseiling with friends, noticed the unusual nature of the Pine and took a small fallen branch home for identification. A team of experienced botanists later declared the strange specimen a new genus with ancient lineage, making it a scientific discovery of international significance.
Some of the older adult Wollemi Pines such as "The Bill Tree" may be more than 1000 years old. Due to the Wollemi Pine's habit of sprouting multiple trunks (called coppicing) the current trunk of "The Bill Tree" may only be up to 400 years old but the tree's roots could have been around since the time of the Roman Empire. Although less than 100 adult trees remain, they were thought to be widespread across Gondwana, an ancient supercontinent that existed before Australia broke off from Antarctica and began its movement north. The oldest known Wollemi Pine type fossil dates back 90 million years and it is believed that the Pines may have existed since the Jurassic period 200 million years ago. Before the Pine was rediscovered in 1994, it was presumed extinct for around two million years.
Since the survival of the Pines in the wild depends on their isolation, the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service have put regulations in place to minimise visits to the site and have developed a conservation strategy to protect the Pines from human activity including fire. The cultivation and worldwide release of the Pine is a key component of the conservation strategy. The Wollemi Pine has also been listed under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 as well as the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
Horticultural experts believe that having Wollemi Pines in gardens, homes and parks everywhere is one of the best forms of insurance against loss in the wild. As royalties from Wollemi Pine sales will fund ongoing conservation research, buying a Pine will not only help to protect the species but will also safeguard its continued survival.
Although only a select few researchers are permitted to see the Wollemi Pine in the wild, members of the public can see trees at:
If you want to be one of the first people in the world to receive your Wollemi Pine, then place your order for one of these rarities without delay to ensure delivery or alternatively, visit one of the approved Wollemi Pine stockists. Pines will arrive with an information booklet, care label, sachet of mycorrhizal "friendly" fungi to help the growth of your Pine and also a certificate of authenticity to prove that you have purchased a piece of genuine Jurassic history. The 3 litre pine is supplied in a stylish coloured, printed pot.
Wollemi Pine International Pty Ltd is the marketing arm of Wollemi Australia. Wollemi Australia is a joint commercial venture between the Queensland Government Department of Primary Industries (Forestry) and Birkdale Nursery. The Botanic Gardens Trust (Sydney) has licensed Wollemi Australia, to propagate and market the Wollemi Pine in Australia and internationally. It was decided in the Wollemi Pine Recovery Plan that in order to protect the wild population, having Wollemi Pines in gardens, homes, and parks throughout the world is a key conservation strategy.
WollemiPine.co.uk has also teamed up with conservation partners Royal Botanical Garden, Kew. Kew, have been heavily involved with the Wollemi Pine since the early years of its discovery. When Kernock Park Plants were appointed the sole licensed grower of the Wollemi Pine for the UK in December 2005 Royal Botanical Gardens Kew already had 15 Wollemi Pines which had been planted in the spring of that year. These are in different secret locations in the arboretum at Kew Gardens and also at Wakehurst Place.
Tony Kirkham was born and raised in Darwen, Lancashire. After leaving home at the age of 16, Tony moved to Surrey to become a forestry apprentice. Here he got his first insight into working with trees and decided that he wanted to be a forester. He was advised against this as it was seen as a dying job in Britain and instead studied for his National Certificate in Horticulture (arb) where he qualified with the best practical marks in his year. Tony then moved to Hamburg as the Germans were pioneers in arboriculture in Europe at that time. Here Tony learnt a lot about tree management within urban and park environments and also in Hamburg Botanic Gardens.
Note that a yellow tinge and minor browning on the very tips of the leaflets is a normal and common occurrence in both the wild and cultivated Wollemi Pines.
Planting trees is one of the easiest ways to offset your carbon footprint and become carbon neutral.
"Planting just 1 Wollemi Pine will help to offset over 2% of your own carbon footprint."
This is a difficult question to give an exact answer to due to the fact that no 2 Wollemi Pines seem to grow in the same manner and the first tree was only planted in the UK in 2005. The typical form of Wollemi Pine in the wild is a tall long-lived tree that has a coppicing habit. Mature trees are usually multi-trunked with up to 100 stems of various sizes. The oldest tree in the wild is 1000 years old and has 100 trunks due to the ability of the tree to coppice. The Bill Tree; the tallest tree in the wild is 40 metres tall but this is because it is growing in a canyon. We expect Wollemi Pines in the UK to grow to an ultimate height of about 20 metres in good growing conditions.
These spots or sap blisters are a fairly common occurrence and are completely natural; they are not evidence of a disease or insect attack and rarely affect the overall health of the tree.
Wollemi Pine | FAQs